Multiple sclerosis is a chronic disease affecting the brain, spinal cord, and optic nerves, also known as the central nervous system. The medical professionals at Winchester Neurological Consultants located in Winchester, VA, have experience diagnosing and treating multiple sclerosis.
What is Multiple Sclerosis?
Multiple sclerosis is an auto-immune disease, meaning your immune system attacks healthy tissue, and there is no definitive cause of this disease. When the attack occurs, the myelin sheath, or area surrounding your nerves, becomes damaged, leading to inflammation and pain. Eventually, the myelin sheath disappears from the repeated attacks leading to scars or sclerosis. They can be seen as plaques or lesions on imaging.
Only the nervous system is directly affected by multiple sclerosis, and it includes the:
- Spinal cord
- Optic (Eye) nerves
- Brain stem
As more nerves become affected, your body loses the ability to carry out certain functions.
Signs and Symptoms of Multiple Sclerosis
Your body's central nervous system serves as the primary control center for all your bodily functions. So, when it is damaged, you will start to see symptoms from all parts of the body.
The most common signs of multiple sclerosis include:
- Generalized muscle weakness
- Numbness and tingling of face, body, arms, and legs
- Electric shock sensation with neck movement, also known as Lhermitte's sign
- Increased urinary frequency, loss of bladder control, retention of urine
- Constipation and loss of bowel control
- Muscle spasms
- Double or blurry vision
- Impaired ability to walk
As the disease progresses, you may experience more symptoms, and mild symptoms may increase in severity.
The doctors at Winchester Neurological Consultants in Winchester, VA, will be able to evaluate you for multiple sclerosis and create an effective treatment plan.
How Can Multiple Sclerosis Be Treated?
There is no known cure for multiple sclerosis at this time, but there are treatment options available to reduce and relieve symptoms while also slowing the progression of the disease.
The current treatment options available include:
- Medication: Some given by mouth, injection, or infusion. The regimen is dependent upon the drug itself and individual care plan.
- Symptom Management: Other medications may be added to the regiment that helps reduce symptoms like inflammation and pain during flare-ups.
- Behavioral Changes: Reducing screen time when vision is affected, increased rest periods when tired, and frequent breaks with activity.
- Physical Therapy and Assistive Devices: Help improve balance, mobility, and tremor severity.
- Dietary Changes: May help with bowel and bladder issues.
- Alternative Therapies: heat and massage for pain, acupuncture, stress management, and exercise.
If you have been diagnosed with multiple sclerosis, the medical staff at Winchester Neurological Consultants in Winchester, VA, can help you manage your condition. Please call today for a consultation at (540) 667-1828.
The sleep disorder known as sleep apnea is a severe condition that should be addressed by a medical professional. The physicians at Winchester Neurological Consultants in Winchester, VA, are sleep apnea experts and can evaluate you today.
What is Sleep Apnea?
People will sleep apnea will stop repeatedly breathing during sleep, leading to a decreased flow of oxygen to your brain and body.
There are two kinds of sleep apnea:
- Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA): Most common and is caused by an airway blockage like the soft tissue in the back of the throat that may collapse during sleep.
- Central Sleep Apnea: This is caused by the brain failing to transmit signals to your muscles to breathe.
What Are the Signs of Sleep Apnea?
Snoring is one sign of sleep apnea, but it is not found in all patients and doesn't always mean people who snore suffer from the disorder. When you sleep, you might pause your breathing at different times or take very shallow breaths. If you sleep alone, you may never know that this occurs. However, if you have frequent fatigue and tiredness throughout the day, it may be caused by sleep apnea.
Other possible signs of sleep apnea include:
- Loud snoring
- Waking up to sore or dry throat and mouth
- Waking up in the night with a sudden choking or gasping sensation
- Insomnia and restless sleep
- Lack of energy during the day
- Morning headaches
- Mood swings and forgetfulness
- Decreased sex drive
- Dizziness when awaking from sleep
If you experience some or all of these symptoms, the medical professionals at Winchester Neurological Consultants in Winchester, VA, can evaluate you for sleep apnea.
Am I at Risk for Sleep Apnea?
Sleep apneas affect people of all ages. Certain risk factors should be considered when determining if you are at high risks, such as:
- Over the age of 40
- Overweight or obese
- Large neck
- Deviated septum or other nasal obstruction
- Allergies or sinus issues
- Large tongue, tonsils, or a small jaw bone
How Does Sleep Apnea Affect Me?
A severe sleep disorder, like sleep apnea, can cause significant issues if left untreated. You will be at higher risk of severe diseases such as:
- Heart Failure
Furthermore, your personal and professional life may be affected if you are too tired to perform your daily activities.
If you are at risk or experiencing possible sleep apnea symptoms, please don't wait and call Winchester Neurological Consultants located in Winchester, VA, today at (540) 667-1828.
How your doctors in Winchester, VA, can help if you have a movement disorder
If you have a movement disorder, it can be frustrating. The continuous, involuntary body movements can make you feel like you have lost control. The good news is, your doctor can help treat your movement disorder, so you can enjoy your life again. The doctors at Winchester Neurological Consultants in Winchester, VA, offer a wide range of medical and neurological services, including treatment for movement disorders.
At Winchester Neurological Consultants, there is a clinic dedicated to the treatment of movement disorders. The doctors at Winchester Neurological Consultants Movement Disorders Clinic specialize in the treatment of movement disorders. Evaluation, management, and treatment are all part of a comprehensive plan to help you.
The doctors at Winchester Neurological Consultants Movement Disorders Clinic combine multiple medical disciplines including neurosurgery, physical and rehabilitation medicine, neuropsychology, and physical therapy. They can treat a variety of movement disorders including:
- Essential tremor syndrome
- Parkinson’s disease
- Parkinson’s-plus syndrome
The main focus of management and treatment is Deep Brain Stimulation or DBS. It’s safe and effective for the treatment of movement disorders like Parkinson’s disease.
The DBS stimulator device is implanted during a surgical procedure. After placement of the device, the doctor will discuss medication as an adjunct to the procedure. DBS treatment can reduce the tremors and rigidity associated with Parkinson’s disease and Essential tremor syndrome.
DBS treatment, a medication regimen, and lifestyle modification all work together to help you cope with a movement disorder, so you can enjoy your life again. Your doctor can help you manage a movement disorder, so you can get back to the more fulfilling life you deserve.
To find out more about movement disorders and how your doctor can help, call the doctors of Winchester Neurological Consultants Movement Disorders Clinic in Winchester, VA, at (540) 667-1828. Call today!
How your doctors in Winchester, VA, can help if you have sleep apnea
Have you been told you snore? Do you wake up feeling as if you haven’t slept? If so, you could have sleep apnea, which can have devastating consequences to your health. The good news is, your doctor can treat sleep apnea, so you can sleep soundly again.
The doctors at Winchester Neurological Consultants in Winchester, VA, offer a wide range of medical and neurological services, including treatment for sleep apnea.
So, what exactly is sleep apnea?
It’s a condition during which the tissue at the back of your throat relaxes while you sleep. This tissue can partially or completely block your airway, causing loss of oxygen to your vital organs including your heart and brain.
If sleep apnea goes untreated, it can lead to you having:
- A stroke
- Heart disease
- High blood pressure
- Memory problems
So, how can you tell if you might have sleep apnea? Watch out for these common signs and symptoms:
- Frequent loud snoring
- Having a sore throat in the morning
- Waking up with a headache
- Suddenly waking up gasping or choking
- Feeling groggy or sleepy during the day
If you think you might have sleep apnea, it’s time to schedule an appointment with your doctor, who might recommend a sleep study to determine if you do have sleep apnea.
After a diagnosis is made, your doctor will recommend one of these effective treatments:
- Wearing a CPAP (Continuous Positive Air Pressure) device while you sleep. The CPAP consists of a mask that fits over your mouth and nose. This is connected to a machine that delivers oxygen to you throughout the night.
- Wearing an oral appliance, which holds your lower jaw forward while you sleep. This device keeps your airway open, allowing a free flow of oxygen throughout the night.
To find out more about the causes, signs, symptoms, and treatment of sleep apnea, call the doctors of Winchester Neurological Consultants in Winchester, VA, at (540) 667-1828. Call now, and sleep better soon!
Accidents happen, and when one involves your head there is a potential risk for a mild or severe concussion depending on the situation. Also known as traumatic brain injuries, concussions result in consequences that require medical attention. At Winchester Neurological Consultants, your doctors have developed a standardized concussion protocol and work as team physicians with high schools and private schools near Winchester, VA. Visit our concussion clinic to begin your road to recovery.
What is a Concussion?
A concussion is a traumatic brain injury that occurs without you falling unconscious. No one wants to feel their brain rattle, but these injuries often result from violent shaking of the head or sudden jerky movements. Risk factors for concussions heighten when you have a previous history of them or participate in contact sports, like football, soccer, or basketball without the right safety equipment. These factors can reduce when sports are played correctly. It also helps to keep your home safe to prevent slips and falls. Please give our Winchester, VA office a call if you experience one or more of the following after an injury:
- Physical and cognitive fatigue
- Vomiting, nausea, blurred vision, confusion
- Headache, dizziness, pressure in the head
- Sleep more or less than usual, have trouble falling or staying asleep
- Slurred speech, ringing in the ears, temporary loss of consciousness
- Feelings of excessive emotion, sadness, anger, anxiety, or irritability
- Memory delays or loss, difficulty concentrating, problems remembering new information, or trouble thinking clearly
If you've experienced a blow to the head from an injury concussion symptoms can last for hours, days, weeks, and even months. A proper diagnosis entails a neurological examination, cognitive testing, in addition to imaging tests. We can discuss treatment options during your consultation.
For more information about concussions, other conditions we treat, and services provided at Winchester Neurological Consultants, visit our website. Please call (540) 667-1828 to schedule an appointment in our Winchester, VA office.
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