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Posts for category: Neurological Disorders

By Winchester Neurological Consultants
August 09, 2022
Tags: Epilepsy  

How your neurologist in Winchester, VA, can diagnose and treat epilepsy

Epilepsy is the fourth most common neurological disorder in the world, according to the Epilepsy Foundation. The condition involves disturbances in the nerve cells in the brain. These disturbances result in seizures which can be mild to severe. Epilepsy is best diagnosed and treated by a neurologist.

The doctors at Winchester Neurological Consultants in Winchester, VA, provide a wide range of neurological services, including diagnosis and treatment of epilepsy.

Epilepsy can be caused by several different factors, including:

  • Genetics
  • Head trauma
  • Brain tumors
  • Developmental disorders
  • Structural abnormalities in the brain
  • Infections, including meningitis and encephalitis

There are several signs and symptoms which may indicate the onset of an epileptic seizure, including:

  • Confusion
  • Blank staring
  • Muscle rigidity
  • Uncontrolled jerking of arms and legs
  • Loss of consciousness
  • A sense of anxiety or fear

A seizure can become a medical emergency and be life threatening. You need to seek out emergency medical care if:

  • The seizure lasts longer than 5 minutes
  • A second seizure follows right after the first
  • A high fever is present
  • The person having the seizure is pregnant
  • The person having the seizure is diabetic
  • An injury occurs during the seizure
  • The seizures continue even with anti-seizure medication

Epilepsy is diagnosed with a neurological examination which can include blood tests to determine whether an infection is causing the seizures. Other diagnostic tests include:

An electroencephalogram (EEG) which records electrical activity in your brain

Computerized tomography (CT) scan which provides images of your brain in cross-section

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) which provides detailed images of your brain to identify tumors and other abnormalities.

The standard of treatment for epilepsy is anti-seizure medication. The type of medication prescribed depends on the type and frequency of seizures, and other factors.

Surgery may be recommended if the seizures originate in a small area of the brain that isn’t involved in speaking, motor function, hearing, or vision.

To read more detailed information about epilepsy and the Neurodevelopmental Clinic at Winchester Neurological Consultants, please click here.

To learn more about the diagnosis and treatment of epilepsy, talk with the experts. Call the doctors at Winchester Neurological Consultants in Winchester, VA. You can reach them in the office by calling (540) 667-1828, so call today.

By Winchester Neurological Consultants
May 31, 2022
Tags: Movement Disorders  

Learn more about movement disorders and their warning signs.

If you suddenly notice that you’re having trouble walking, twitching limbs, or experiencing uncontrolled movement, you could be dealing with a movement disorder. These nervous system disorders can lead to involuntary movement and impact a person’s life and wellbeing. If you suspect that you or a loved one might be dealing with movement disorders, it’s time to turn to our Winchester, VA, neurologists.

What are the most common types of movement disorders?

Some of the most common movement disorders our Winchester, VA, team diagnoses and treats include,

  • Ataxia
  • Dystonia
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Tourette syndrome
  • Periodic limb movement disorder (e.g., restless leg syndrome)
  • Huntington’s disease

What are the signs and symptoms of movement disorders?

Each movement disorder comes with its own set of unique symptoms, but some of the common warning signs of a movement disorder include,

  • Loss of muscle coordination
  • Muscle spasms or twitching
  • Involuntary movements that can be painful
  • Tremors or shaking
  • Slowed movement
  • Increased clumsiness
  • Difficulty walking
  • Tics

What causes movement disorders?

Many factors could increase a person’s chances of developing a movement disorder. Genetics can play a significant role, as can certain medications, metabolic disorders, infections, vascular diseases and injuries that damage the brain or spinal cord. Exposure to certain toxins could also cause movement disorders.

What should I expect when I turn to a neurologist for care?

The treatment you receive from our Winchester, VA, team will depend on the type of movement disorder. First, we will need to perform the appropriate tests to diagnose your movement disorder. From there, we can craft a custom treatment plan. Sometimes medications can cure certain movement disorders, while others may improve when other underlying health problems are better controlled; however, while most movement disorders don’t cure, medications and lifestyle changes can help you manage your symptoms and may even slow the progression of your symptoms.

If you are worried about movement disorders and want to sit down with our Winchester, VA, neurologists at Winchester Neurological Consultants to discuss your symptoms or better manage your condition, call us at (540) 667-1828.

By Winchester Neurological Consultants
November 03, 2021

Do you live in Winchester, VA, and have Neurological Conditions? If you are experiencing problems with your brain or nerves, now is the time for a consultation with our doctors at Winchester Neurological Consultants.

Our staff can diagnose and help treat a range of neurological conditions plaguing patients today.

What Are The Most Common Neurological Conditions?

There are several types of neurological disorders that people experience. Here is a list of some of the most common ones:

  • Epilepsy and seizures
  • ALS - Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis 
  • Headaches
  • Parkinson's disease 
  • Dementia
  • Brain tumors
  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Stroke

Neurological disorders such as headaches can affect anyone at any age. A headache is not a life-threatening disorder. When it occurs chronically, it can cause a lot of discomforts. As long as there are no underlying issues such as a brain tumor, patients can often soothe a headache with over-the-counter medication like ibuprofen or aspirin and rest.

When it comes to epilepsy, a patient may often suffer from seizures. However, having seizures does not automatically mean someone has epilepsy.

If blood stops flowing to the brain due to a blockage or a clot, a person can have a stroke. Those with hypertension must be extra mindful of monitoring it as constant high blood pressure can lead to a stroke.  

Dementia and Alzheimer's disease are two neurological disorders that affect the elderly. These particular disorders result in the patient losing their long-term memory, and the person can no longer live on his/her own as symptoms worsen. If you live in Winchester, VA, with neurological conditions, our highly trained staff will help you manage them with proper guidance and care.

What Are The Typical Symptoms of a Neurological Disorder?

Some symptoms of a neurological disorder include vision loss, double vision, as well as tingling and numbness in your muscles. A patient may experience memory loss, chronic headaches, a lack of coordination, and muscle weakness.

If you're experiencing symptoms of any neurological conditions in Winchester, VA, don't hesitate to seek treatment today. When you visit Winchester Neurological Consultants, our neurology professionals can help diagnose, manage, and treat many issues that affect a patient’s nervous system. Call us at (540) 667-1828 for an appointment today.

By Winchester Neurological Consultants
October 26, 2021
Tags: Epilepsy  

If you want to gain an understanding of epilepsy in Winchester, VA, contact the team of Winchester Neurological Consultants to learn more about this complex brain disorder and how it affects people.

A Closer Look at Epilepsy

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, nearly 3 million Americans suffer from a form of epilepsy. The disorder can affect any person, but most diagnoses occur in people over the age of 65.

Epilepsy is a category of brain and nervous system disorders that cause electrical surges in the brain. These surges result in uncontrolled cell activity, and people who struggle with the disorder experience problems with their behavior, attention, movement, and their state of consciousness. These problems — or symptoms — are referred to as seizures.

Doctors typically make a diagnosis if a person has had two seizures without another cause. If a person is likely to experience multiple seizures, doctors may make a diagnosis after one episode.

Epilepsy Facts

If you had a seizure or multiple seizures and haven't received an epilepsy diagnosis in Winchester, VA, you should contact the team at Winchester Neurological Consultants immediately. The disorder affects people of all genders, ethnicities, and races. The difference in groups is small, so it's critical to seek treatment and not avoid the problem.

Here are some more facts about the disorder:

  • Fourth most common neurologic disorder after Alzheimer's disease and strokes
  • Men develop the disorder more often than women
  • Most diagnoses occur after the age of 20 but can occur in patients as young as two
  • Defects related to the disorder are often hereditary

How to Diagnose Epilepsy Early

The first sign of a possible disorder is one or more seizures. In many cases, a seizure is life-threatening. However, the most common symptoms and signs of a seizure include:

  • Sudden onset of confusion
  • Losing consciousness
  • Uncontrolled jerking or twitching
  • Uncontrolled eye movement
  • Problems speaking

The risk factors and causes of the disorder vary widely. However, some common risk factors include a brain tumor, head trauma, brain infections such as viral encephalitis and meningitis, a stroke, or existing neurologic disorders.

Contact the doctors at Winchester Neurological Consultants by calling (540) 667-1828 if you have questions or concerns about any neurological disorders, including understanding epilepsy in Winchester, VA.