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Posts for: December, 2022

By Winchester Neurological Consultants
December 27, 2022
Category: Sleep Disorders
Tags: Sleep Apnea  

Sleep apnea is a disorder that affects that can affect your ability to have a full night of restful sleep, it is not simply snoring, as it's sometimes believed, although it can be a symptom of the condition. Some of the most important information regarding sleep apnea is covered below, but you can learn more about the condition and everything that can be done to treat it by reaching out to your local Winchester, VA, sleep specialists of Winchester Neurological Consultants.

How It Manifests

When you suffer from sleep apnea your sleep is interrupted through the night as your ability to breathe normally is hampered. It begins with snoring, but eventually, your airway becomes completely blocked which causes your body to wake in order to force you to take a breath. This cycle typically repeats a number of times overnight, and though you may not remember every episode it will take a toll on your body and health.

Signs and Symptoms

The usual signs of sleep apnea are often more easily noticed by your sleeping partner as these can include excessive snoring and gasping for breath when you sleep. But if you struggle with sleep apnea its effects will often carry into your day.

You may experience chronic fatigue, headaches, and mood and memory problems. Which can leave you feeling irritable and cause you difficulty paying attention and focusing on everyday tasks.

The effects of sleep apnea can also be long-lasting and can contribute to chronic conditions like heart disease and diabetes.

Sleep Apnea Treatment in Winchester, VA

It's important to seek care for sleep apnea as soon as you notice any signs or symptoms of the condition. Your doctor can help diagnose if you have sleep apnea or suffer from another sleep disorder and then suggest the best course of treatment for your specific needs.

If you are interested in sleep apnea treatment in Winchester, VA, you can schedule a consultation with Winchester Neurological Consultants by dialing (540) 667-1828.


By Winchester Neurological Consultants
December 20, 2022
Category: Mental health
Tags: Alzheimer  

The Memory Care Clinic at Winchester Neurological Consultants works to educate each Alzheimer's patient in Winchester, VA, about treatment options while setting expectations.

Genetic Risk Factors

One of the most potent genetic risk factors for this disease is the apolipoprotein E (APOE) gene. This gene is present on chromosome 19 and helps carry cholesterol in the bloodstream. 

People inherit a copy of the gene from both their parents. Having two copies of this gene is associated with an increased risk of this form of dementia.

Researchers have recently discovered 29 new genomic regions linked to this disease. These regions are involved in inflammation, lipid metabolism, and immune response. They also identified gene alterations that play a role in the immune system.

Protein Buildup Inside and Outside of Brain Cells

In the early stages of the disease, proteins build up inside and outside brain cells. These accumulations disrupt the way brain cells communicate and die. They also cause plaques and tangles in the brain. Eventually, these deposits become a significant symptom of the disease

One of the critical proteins in the brain is the Amyloid Precursor Protein (APP). This protein sits in the cell membrane and influences how proteins are processed in the brain. This process can be affected by mutations in APP.

Researchers have yet to figure out precisely what causes the abnormal buildup of proteins. But experts believe that it is a result of lifestyle and genetic factors. We will work with our Alzheimer's patients in Winchester, VA, to mitigate the adverse effects of these factors.

How Cardiovascular Disease Contributes

Vascular disease is one of the most significant risk factors for mental decline. This is because vascular diseases cause alterations in the blood supply to the brain, which affects how brain cells function. 

About 25% of the blood in the brain is delivered with each heartbeat. This is essential for brain cell function. So when the heart isn't functioning correctly, the brain is starved of blood and unable to work properly.

When these changes occur, the brain cannot send chemical messengers and receive messages from other brain cells. This leads to decreased cognitive abilities and other symptoms of this disease.

Call The Memory Care Clinic at Winchester Neurological Consultants (540) 667-1828 to begin receiving exceptional Alzheimer's treatment in Winchester, VA.


By Winchester Neurological Consultants
December 16, 2022
Category: Health Conditions
Tags: Stroke  

Stroke is the No. 5 cause of death and a leading cause of long-term disability in the United States. A stroke is a serious health condition that happens when the blood supply to part of the brain is cut off. Winchester Neurological Consultants located in Winchester, VA specializes in the treatment of strokes. Read on to learn about the types and signs of strokes.

Overview of Stroke

A stroke happens when the blood supply to part of your brain is reduced or interrupted, depriving brain tissue of nutrients and oxygen. Within minutes, the person's brain cells start to die. A stroke is an emergency and urgent treatment is essential. The sooner an individual receives treatment for a stroke, the less damage is likely to happen. A stroke can be prevented and treated, and many fewer people die of stroke now than in the past.

Types of Stroke

Some people have what's called a transient ischemic attack (TIA), or "mini stroke". A TIA is due to a temporary blockage and doesn't cause permanent brain damage. Ischemic stroke happens when a blood vessel that supplys blood to the brain is obstructed. Hemorrhagic stroke happens when a blood vessel inside the brain bursts and spills blood into the brain or surrounding area. The bleeding causes the person's brain cells to die and the affected part of their brain stops working correctly.

Signs of Stroke

Stroke symptoms come on suddenly. The most common signs and symptoms of a stroke include numbness or weakness of face, arms, or legs, severe headache, confusion, trouble speaking or understanding, double vision, trouble walking, loss of balance, and dizziness. Call 911 right away if you see any of these signs or symptoms. Even if your stroke symptoms go away, call 911 immediately.

If you had a stroke, call Winchester Neurological Consultants at (540) 667-1828 to schedule an appointment in Winchester, VA. Winchester Neurological Consultants is a leader in stroke treatment. Our state-of-the-art treatments can have a huge impact on the quality of your life.


By Winchester Neurological Consultants
December 16, 2022
Category: Health Conditions
Tags: Concussions  

It's impossible to go through life without bumping our heads. It happens. The skull does an excellent job of protecting our brains most of the time when we hit our heads on hard surfaces at home or collide with objects (and teammates) while playing sports. However, when the head and brain rapidly move back and forth due to immense force, a blow, or a jolt to the head, like in a car accident, for example, the sudden movement may cause the brain to twist in the skull, which is called a concussion. Concussions are traumatic brain injuries that cause symptoms such as impaired coordination, balance, memory, and concentration. If you're looking for an expert to evaluate and manage a concussion in Winchester, VA, consult with the doctors at Winchester Neurological Consultants to discuss treatment options.

Information About Concussions

A concussion isn't typically life-threatening, but that doesn't mean you shouldn't take one seriously to avoid damaging brain cells, and chemical changes. Signs and symptoms of a concussion vary from person to person. Dr. Fowler recommends visiting our office if you are experiencing sleep disturbances, frequent headaches or migraines, nausea, irritability, clumsiness, forgetfulness, or vision problems. A concussion in Winchester, VA, is treatable with plenty of rest, limiting mental activities, and medications. Dr. Fowler will determine the best course of action for your situation.

The doctors at Winchester Neurological Consultants diagnose concussion signs and symptoms during a neurological examination which tests reflexes, coordination, balance, hearing, vision, and strength. Signs and symptoms can take hours or days to appear, so it's best to seek medical attention immediately following a head injury. In addition to neurological exams, our doctor may also suggest cognitive testing to observe memory, concentration, and ability to recall information or imaging tests such as a CT scan or MRI to identify changes in the brain. For more information regarding prevention, diagnosis, and treatment for a concussion in Winchester, VA, or to schedule an appointment, call (540) 667-1828.


By Winchester Neurological Consultants
December 12, 2022
Category: Sleep Disorders
Tags: Sleep Apnea  

How your neurologist in Winchester, VA, can help with sleep apnea

Have you been told you snore? If so, it can be an embarrassing problem. Snoring can also be a sign of sleep apnea, a condition which has serious consequences and can shorten your life. Your neurologist can help. The neurologists at Winchester Neurological Consultants in Winchester, VA, provide comprehensive neurological services, including diagnosis and treatment of sleep apnea.

Sleep apnea happens when the soft tissue at the back of your throat relaxes during sleep. The relaxed tissue can partially or completely block your airway. When your airway is blocked, not enough oxygen gets to your organs and tissues, including your heart and brain.

The chronic lack of oxygen can lead to:

  • Diabetes
  • Stroke
  • Heart disease
  • Alzheimer’s disease

Sleep apnea has a few obvious signs and symptoms including:

  • Frequent headaches in the morning
  • Suddenly waking up gasping or choking for air
  • Frequent sore throats when you wake up
  • Drowsiness or grogginess during the day
  • Problems with concentration and focus

If you are experiencing any of the signs or symptoms listed above, the first step is a sleep study, conducted in the Sleep Disorders Clinic at Winchester Neurological Consultants. The neurologists can diagnose sleep apnea and provide the best treatment for you.

Common treatments for sleep apnea include:

A Continuous Positive Airway Pressure machine, also known as a CPAP. The machine provides oxygen through tubing connected to a facepiece, which you wear while you sleep. A CPAP provides continuous, steady oxygen flow to you while you sleep.

An Oral Mandibular Advancement Appliance, which is a small dental appliance you wear while you sleep. The appliance keeps your lower jaw forward, so your airway remains open while you sleep.

To read more detailed information about sleep apnea signs, symptoms, and treatment, please click here.

To find out more about the signs, symptoms, and treatment of sleep apnea, call the neurologists at Winchester Neurological Consultants in Winchester, VA. You can reach them in the office by calling (540) 667-1828, so call now.