Posts for tag: Dementia
If you suffer from sleep apnea, you are at high risk of developing dementia. The physicians at Winchester Neurological Consultants, located in Winchester, VA, treat sleep apnea to decrease your risk for developing mental conditions such as dementia.
What is Sleep Apnea?
Sleep apnea is a failure to breathe during sleep and can be either obstructive or non-obstructive. With obstructive sleep apnea, your breathing fails because an open airway was unable to open up despite the brain telling it to. However, with central sleep apnea, the brain fails to send that signal causing your breathing muscles to slow.
Risks of Untreated Sleep Apnea
The body requires sleep for it to repair and restore itself actively. If you experience sleep apnea, you lack oxygen during sleep, which interferes with cognitive functions like memory formation, blood pressure regulation, and weight control. The physicians at Winchester Neurological Consultants, of Winchester, VA, know these risks and would be able to evaluate you for both sleep apnea and dementia.
What is Dementia?
Dementia is a syndrome that causes a progressive decline in one's ability to think, remember, hold conversations, perform certain activities of daily living, and live independently. Alzheimer's disease causes most cases of dementia.
Why Does Sleep Apnea Place You at Greater Risk for Dementia?
Studies show that sleep apnea is tied to alterations of brain structure that are seen in early dementia. For example, the reduction of oxygen discussed above may be linked to the thinning of your brain's temporal regions associated with memory decline.
Obstructive sleep apnea already increases your risk of developing other chronic diseases like high blood pressure, heart disease, stroke, and cancer. In addition, since dementia and obstructive sleep apnea worsen with age, you see the most significant link between the two conditions in the elderly.
How Can I Prevent Developing Dementia?
Most often, your risk of dementia increases when modifiable risk factors are present such as:
You can treat obstructive sleep apnea with a CPAP (continuous positive airway pressure) device that continuously blows air via a face mask to keep your airway open. By treating sleep apnea, you may be able to reduce your risk of developing dementia. However, early intervention is key to its prevention because there is no cure for dementia.
Suppose you were suffering from sleep apnea and are worried about your risk of developing dementia. In that case, it is time to call Winchester Neurological Consultants at their office located in Winchester, VA, to make a consultation appointment at (540) 667-1828.
How your neurologists in Winchester, VA, can help diagnose and treat dementia
Do you know someone who forgets things? Most of us do. In fact, you may forget things from time to time. Occasional forgetting is normal, especially as you get older. So, how do you know when it might be something more serious, like dementia?
The neurologists at Winchester Neurological Consultants in Winchester, VA, offer a wide range of neurological services, including dementia diagnosis, management, and treatment.
Dementia is a broad term that includes several medical conditions, like Alzheimer’s disease. In cases of dementia, healthy nerve cells stop connecting with other brain cells and begin to die. Loss of these nerve cells causes problems with thinking, reasoning, and remembering. Dementia can also affect someone’s personality, leading to emotional outbursts, combativeness, and other issues.
So, how do you know when it’s time for an evaluation for dementia? If memory loss becomes frequent, a dementia evaluation should be considered. According to the Alzheimer’s Association, common signs and symptoms of dementia include:
- Short term memory loss
- Losing important items
- Forgetting to pay bills
- Problems with everyday activities like cooking
- Forgetting about appointments
- Wandering and forgetting locations
If you or someone you know is experiencing some of the signs and symptoms listed above, it may be time for an evaluation. An evaluation for dementia typically includes:
- Performing a physical examination, including vital signs, to check for any underlying condition which might be causing dementia signs and symptoms
- Recording a complete medical history, including a family history of physical or neurological issues
- Performing neurological and cognitive testing, including balance assessment, testing reflexes, and evaluating sensory responses
- Laboratory testing of blood and other body fluids to check for an imbalance that may be causing dementia signs and symptoms.
- Imaging studies, including CT, MRI, and PET scans to look for tumors and other issues which may be affecting the brain.
If you or someone you know is showing signs of dementia, early diagnosis and treatment are critical. To find out more about the diagnosis, management, and treatment of dementia, talk with the experts. Call the neurologists of Winchester Neurological Consultants in Winchester, VA, at (540) 667-1828. Call now!
Winchester Neurological Consultants in Winchester, VA, helps patients diagnosed with dementia. Dementia is a term for the effects on memory and thinking that are caused by either brain damage or diseases like Alzheimer’s Disease. The symptoms are progressive and the changes happen gradually, but lead to the patient being unable to be independent.
Dementia is most commonly associated with Alzheimer's disease, and the symptoms of memory loss and losing independence can be confusing and upsetting not just for the patient, but for close family, loved ones, and caregivers. If a family member is struggling with dementia you may be wondering if it will affect you in the future. While Alzheimer's is not passed down genetically, a lot of the risk factors for developing dementia can be passed on.
According to the Alzheimer's Association, there are two types of genes that influence whether a person develops a disease. Risk genes, which determine the likelihood someone will develop a disease, and deterministic genes, which directly cause disease. There are hereditary Alzheimer's genes in both categories, but in the vast majority of cases, Alzheimer's disease is not inherited.
Family history alone cannot determine if a person will develop dementia, but if you have a parent or sibling with Alzheimer's disease it is more likely to affect you as well. Oftentimes certain risk factors like high blood pressure, heart disease, or diabetes are hereditary. So parents can't pass on the disease directly to their children but can pass on certain genes that increase the risk of developing dementia.
There are more rare types of dementia that can be hereditary. Frontotemporal dementia and young-onset, familial Alzheimer’s disease are much rarer than Alzheimer's disease but are more likely to be passed on.
You are struggling with dementia or concerned about a loved one, the doctors of Winchester Neurological Consultants are here to help. Contact us in Winchester, VA, at (540) 667-1828.
Winchester Neurological Consultants in Winchester, VA, can help if you or a loved one is struggling with dementia.
The term dementia means a decline in cognition or memory. Dementia is not a disease itself, but a word for the effects on memory and thinking that are caused by either brain damage or diseases like Alzheimer’s Disease. These changes are significant enough to impact a patient's daily life and ability to be independent.
Anyone can be forgetful, so how is someone evaluated? There are lots of unofficial tests available online, but doctors use a series of tests to determine if there is a truly impaired memory. If you think you have memory problems, the best thing to do is talk to your doctor.
In the beginning stages of dementia, a close family member or friend usually notices memory loss in the patient first. Often they'll notice the patient repeating the same questions or getting confused by familiar people. There are several progressive stages of dementia. A patient is evaluated using a test called a Functional Assessment Staging Test (FAST). The stages range from memory loss to complete loss of speech. Specific signs of dementia may vary depending on the cause, but there are common symptoms:
- Memory loss
- Difficulty with language and communication
- Impaired judgment,
- Any trouble with spatial abilities (getting lost)
- Personality changes
Symptoms of dementia worsen gradually. The changes may happen quickly or very slowly over time. The progression and outcomes vary, depending on the type of dementia the patient has and which part of the brain is affected. The most common cause of dementia is Alzheimer’s Disease.
There are several types of dementia that are all different depending on the cause. Lewy body dementia is caused by a buildup of a certain protein that damages brain cells, and vascular dementia is caused when blood flow to the brain is blocked or reduced. Mixed dementia is a combination of at least two types of dementia. Discovering the exact type of dementia can help pinpoint possible treatments. There is no cure for dementia but in some cases when caught early on, the progression of symptoms can be slowed.
Living with dementia also takes an emotional toll, and can lead to a loss of confidence and self-esteem. The symptoms can be confusing and upsetting not just for the patient, but also for family members and caregivers. Caregivers to patients with dementia often have their own stress and anxiety and need support.
If you are having memory problems or are concerned for a loved one, give Winchester Neurological Consultants in Winchester, VA, a call at (540) 667-1828.